Insect Control

Insects are seldom serious pests on tomato; be sure there is a problem before sprays are applied. Transplant clean plants to the field; free of aphids, whiteflies, and thrips.

NOTES:  For the insecticides listed below, one product trade name and formulation is provided for each active ingredient (AI) as an example of rates, preharvest interval (PHI), restricted entry interval (REI), and special instructions. In many cases, there are other products available with the same AI. Please see Table 26 and Insecticides Alphabetical Listing by Trade Name for more information on these insecticides.

The designation (Bee: L, M, or H) indicates a bee toxicity rating of low, moderate, or high. See the Protecting Honeybees and Native Pollinators section for more details.

The symbol * indicates a product is a restricted use pesticide. See Pesticide Safety and Use for more details.

The symbol OG   indicates a product is listed by the Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI) as approved for use in organic production. See Organic Certification section for more details.

Aphids, Potato (Macrosiphum euphorbiae) and Green Peach (Myzus persicae)

See potato aphid (PA) in the insect control section of Potato section and green peach aphid (GPA) in the insect control section of Pepper for more information on each of these aphid species. Scout for aphids under surfaces of leaves in both upper and lower foliage. Potato aphids feed first in young growing tips, spreading downward as they multiply.  Leaves become distorted, with the leaf edges curling downward. They also feed in blossoms and PA colonies cause blossom drop and fruit deformities. By contrast, GPA feeds first in lower leaves. Scout weekly across the field, sampling 3 leaves per plant at lower, mid and upper levels. Count aphid adults and nymphs and note if numbers are increasing. Treat when aphids exceed 6 per leaf.  Beneficials generally keep aphids under control in tomato, unless broad spectrum insecticides are used for other pests. DO NOT use emulsifiable concentrates on tomatoes setting young fruit, or injury may occur.

acetamiprid (Assail 30SG): 2 to 4 oz/A; PHI 7d, REI 12h, Bee: M, Group 4A.

afidopyropen (Sefina): 3 fl oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: L, Group 9D.

alpha-cypermethrin (Fastac* EC): 3.2 to 3.8 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

azadirachtin (Azatin OOG): 4 to 16 oz/A foliar or drench, 4 to 16 oz/100 gal in greenhouses; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: L, Group un. When using lower rates, combine with adjuvant for improved spray coverage and translaminar uptake.

bifenthrin (Brigade* 2EC): 2.1 to 5.2 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 (GrandevoOG): 2 to 3 lb/A; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: M.

cyantraniliprole (Exirel): 13.5 to 20.5 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 28.

cyantraniliprole (Verimark): 6.75 to 13.5 oz/A at planting, 6.75 to 10 oz/A chemigation; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: H, Group 28. For soil applications at planting, drip chemigation, or soil injection. Suppression only.

dimethoate (Dimethoate 4EC): 0.5 to 1 pt/A; PHI 7d, REI 48h, Bee: H, Group 1B.

dinotefuran (Safari): 1 to 4 oz/A foliar or 5 to 7.5 oz/A soil; REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A. For transplants while in greenhouse. Not for use on greenhouse or field crops.

dinotefuran (Venom): 7 to 14 dry oz/A foliar or 18 to 21 dry oz/A soil; PHI 1d foliar, PHI 21d soil, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A. Soil application may be as a band during bedding, in-furrow at seeding, transplant or post-seeding drench, sidedress, or through drip. Do not apply to varieties with fruit that is less than 2" such as cherry or grape tomatoes. 

fenpropathrin (Danitol* 2.4EC): 7 to 10.66 oz/A Danitol 2.4EC + 3-4 oz/A Belay; PHI 21d, REI 24, Bee: H, Group 3. Do not apply during bloom or if bees are actively foraging.

flonicamid (Beleaf 50SG): 2.8 to 4.28 oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12, Bee: L, Group 9C. Begin applications before populations begin to build, and before damage is evident. Use higher rate for building populations or dense foliage.

flupyradifurone (Sivanto): 7 to 12 oz/A foliar, 21 to 28 oz/A soil; PHI 1d foliar, PHI 45d soil, REI 4h, Bee:L, Group 4D.

gamma-cyhalothrin (Declare*): 1.02 to 1.54 oz/A; PHI 5d, REI 24h, Bee:H, Group 3A. Suppression only.

imidacloprid (Admire Pro): 7 to 10.5 oz/A soil, 1.3 to 2.2 oz/A foliar, 0.44 oz/10,000 plants on seedling transplants in greenhouse; PHI 21d soil, PHI 0d foliar, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A. Planthouse applications only provide short-term protection; an additional field application must be made within 2 weeks following transplanting to provide continuous protection.

insecticidal soap (M-PedeOG): 1.25 to 2.5 oz/gal water; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: L. Spray to wet all infested plant surfaces. For enhanced and residual control apply with a companion labeled insecticide.

malathion (Malathion 57EC): 1 to 2.5 pt/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 1B.

methomyl (Lannate* LV): 1.5 to 3 pt/A; PHI 1d, REI 48h, Bee: H, Group 1A.

oxamyl (Vydate* L): 2 to 4 pt/A; PHI 3d, REI 48h, Bee: H, Group 1A. Apply by ground or air when insects first appear.

petroleum oil (Suffoil XOG): 1 to 2 gal/100 gal water; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: L. Apply as needed.

pymetrozine (Fulfill): 2.75 oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: L, Group 9B. Green peach and potato aphids only. Translaminar. Apply when aphids first appear, before populations build up.

pyrethrin (PyGanic EC5.0OG): 4.5 to 17 oz/A; 0.25 to 0.50 oz/gal, 3 gal/1000 sq ft in greenhouse for backpack sprayers; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee:M, Group 3A.

sodium tetraborohydrate decahydrate (Prev-AM): 100 oz/100 gal; REI 12h, Bee: L, Group 25. Do not apply in midday sun or mix with copper, sulfur or oils.

spirotetramat (Movento): 4 to 5 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 24h, Bee: M, Group 23. Must be tank-mixed with a spray adjuvant with spreading and penetrating properties to maximize leaf uptake and sytemicity; don't use sticker adjuvants. Controls immature stages; may also reduce adult fertility.

sulfoxaflor (Closer SC): 1.5 to 2 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4C. Do not apply until after petal fall.

thiamethoxam (Actara): 2 to 3 oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A.

thiamethoxam (Platinum): 5 to 11 oz/A; PHI 30d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A. Systemic insecticide used as an in-furrow, banded, drench, or drip irrigation application to the seedling root zone during or after transplanting or shanked into root zone after transplanting or establishment. DO NOT apply as a foliar spray.

tofenpyrad (Torac): 17 to 21 fl oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 21A.

Tomato and Tobacco Hornworms (Manduca quinquemaculata and M. sexta) and other caterpillars

Tomato and tobacco hornworms (THW) are large green caterpillars with white stripes along the sides that may grow up to 4" long. Despite their size and striking appearance, they can be very difficult to find on the plant. It is easier to look for the large fecal droppings on the plastic mulch under the plants. The caterpillars climb to feed near the tops of the plants just before dusk, and spritzing with water will make them flinch so that they are easy to find and remove. The insect spends the winter as a pupa 2" to 4" under the soil. Caterpillar infestations usually begin in July and may extend through September. When numerous, they can nearly defoliate tomato plants and may even surface feed on the immature green fruit. Fall or early spring plowing will reduce the survival of the pupae. Hornworms only occasionally require treatment and are usually controlled by their natural enemies (braconid wasp, bugs and pathogens). Caterpillars covered with numerous white wasp pupae should be moved to a plant that will not be sprayed to help preserve and build up parasite populations. Spot–treat areas of the field with severe defoliation. It is recommended to use insect growth regulators, microbial products (Bt) or other selective insecticides (chlorantraniliprole, emamectin benzoate, indoxacarb, or methoxyfenozide) to preserve natural enemies and avoid secondary pest outbreaks (i.e. aphids).

Tomato fruitworm (TFW) is another name for the corn earworm, which may attack tomatoes and other solanaceous crops late in the season, especially if moth numbers are high and fresh corn silk is relatively scarce. Use selective insecticides to avoid disrupting natural enemies that control secondary pests, such as mites and aphids.  For more information, see corn earworm in the Sweet Corn section. Cabbage looper (CL) is an occasional pest of tomato; see Cabbage section for more information. 

alpha-cypermethrin (Fastac* EC): 2.2 to 3.8 oz/A fruitworm and hornworm, 3.2 to 3.8 oz/A looper; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai (XenTariOG): 0.5 to 1.5 lb/A; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: L, Group 11. Must be ingested; apply in evening or early morning, before larvae are actively feeding. Adherence and weather-fastness will improve with use of an approved spreader-sticker. Use high rate at cool temperatures. For resistance management, may be rotated with Bt kurstaki products (Dipel).

Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (Dipel DFOG): 0.5 to 2 lb/A; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: L, Group 11. Must be ingested; apply in evening or early morning, before larvae are actively feeding. Adherence and weather-fastness will improve with use of an approved spreader-sticker. Use high rate at cool temperatures. For resistance management, may be rotated with Bt aizawai products (XenTari).

beta-cyfluthrin (Baythroid*XL): 1.6 to 2.8 oz/A for TFW and THW, 2.1 to 2.8 oz/A for CL; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

bifenthrin (Brigade* 2EC): 2.1 to 5.2 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A. Looper and fruitworm only.

buprofezin & flubendiamide (Vetica): 12 to 17 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee:L, Groups 16 & 28.

Burkholderia spp. strain A396 cells and spent fermentation media (Venerate XCOG): 1 to 8 qt/A; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: M.

chlorantraniliprole (Coragen): 3.5 to 7.5 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: L, Group 28. May be applied through drip irrigation or as a foliar spray. For soil applications, must be applied uniformly in the root zone; for foliar applications may be combined with a labeled adjuvant for improved leaf adhesion or control in dense foliage.

Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 (GrandevoOG): 1 to 3 lb/A; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: M.

cyantraniliprole (Exirel): 10 to 17 oz/A loopers, 13.5 to 20.5 oz/A fruitworm and hornworm; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 28.

cyantraniliprole (Verimark): 6.75 to 13.5 oz/A at planting, 5 to 10 oz/A chemigation; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: H, Group 28. For soil applications at planting, drip chemigation, or soil injection. Rates vary for different species.

deltamethrin (Delta Gold*): 1 to 2.4 oz/A for CL and THW, 1.5 to 2.4 for TFW; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

emamectin benzoate (Proclaim*): 2.4 to 4.8 oz/A; PHI 7d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 6. Apply when larvae are first observed.

esfenvalerate (Asana* XL): 5.8 to 9.6 oz/A for looper and TFW; 2.9 to 5.8 oz/A for THW; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

fenpropathrin (Danitol* 2.4EC): 10.66 oz/A for TFW and THW only; PHI 3d, REI 24, Bee: H, Group 3. May be combined at with DiPel DF for control of other caterpillars. See label for rates.

gamma-cyhalothrin (Declare*): 0.77 to 1.28 oz/A for looper and hornworm, 1.02 to 1.54 oz/A for tomato fruitworm; PHI 5d, REI 24h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

indoxacarb (Avaunt): 2.5 to 3.5 oz/A; PHI 3d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 26. High rate for TFW.

lambda-cyhalothrin (Warrior* II): 0.96 to 1.6 oz/A for CL and THW, 1.3 to 1.9 oz/A for TFW; PHI 5d, REI 24h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

malathion (Malathion 57EC): 1 to 2.5 pt/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 1B. TFW only.

methomyl (Lannate* LV): 1.5 to 3 pt/A; PHI 1d, REI 48h, Bee: H, Group 1A.

methoxyfenozide (Intrepid 2F): 4 to 16 oz/A for CL and THW, 10 to 16 oz/A for TFW; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: L, Group 18. For control of CL and THW and suppression of TFW. Use lower rates when plants are small or infestations are light.

novaluron (Rimon 0.83EC): 9 to 12 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: L, Group 16B.

permethrin (Pounce* 25WP): 3.2 to 12.8 oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A. Do not apply to varieties which produce fruit less than 1 inch in diameter, such as cherry and grape tomatoes.

pyrethrin (PyGanic EC5.0OG): 4.5 to 17 oz/A; 0.25 to 0.50 oz/gal, 3 gal/1000 sq ft in greenhouse for backpack sprayers; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: M, Group 3A.

spinetoram (Radiant SC): 5 to 10 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: M, Group 5.

spinosad (Entrust SCOG): 1 to 2 oz/A for control, 1.5 to 3 oz/A maintenance only; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: M, Group 5. Do not apply to seedlings for transplant.

tebufenozide (Confirm 2F): 6 to 16 oz/A; PHI 7d, REI 4h, Bee: L, Group 18. Must be ingested. Use lower rate for early season applications to young, small plants. Begin applications when first signs of feeding damage appear. Use higher rate for later season applications and heavier infestations. Use of a spreader-binder adjuvant is recommended.

zeta-cypermethrin (Mustang*): 2.4 to 4.3 oz/A for THW and TFW; 3.4 to 4.3 oz/A for CL; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

Colorado Potato Beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata)

For more information, see Colorado potato beetle (CPB) in Potato and Eggplant sections.  If possible, do not transplant tomatoes to fields previously in potato or eggplant. Trap cropping may be used by rotating tomatoes to opposite side of field from prior potato, eggplant or tomato planting, and seeding 2 rows of early potatoes between old and new plantings. Treat potatoes with effective insecticide to kill migrating beetles before they infest tomatoes. If foliar insecticides are needed on tomatoes, use only selective insecticides to preserve natural enemies and avoid secondary pest problems such as aphids. Although CPB may attack young transplants in the field, most varieties develop resistance within a few weeks of field setting.

abamectin (Agri-Mek* SC): 1.75 to 3.5 oz/A; PHI 7d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 6. Must be mixed with a non-ionic wetting, spreading and/or penetrating spray adjuvant; do not use binder or sticker type adjuvant.

acetamiprid (Assail 30SG): 1.5 to 2.5 oz/A; PHI 7d, REI 12h, Bee: M, Group 4A.

alpha-cypermethrin (Fastac* EC): 2.2 to 3.8 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

azadirachtin (Azatin OOG): 4 to 16 oz/A foliar or drench, 4 to 16 oz/100 gal in greenhouses. When using lower rates, combine with adjuvant for improved spray coverage and translaminar uptake; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: L, Group un. Insect growth regulator for small larvae.

Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis strain SA-10 (TridentOG): 3 to 6 qt/A; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: M, Group 11. Only use 3 qt/A rate when light populations of larvae of uniform age or size are present. Use of an adjuvant may improve efficacy, but avoid mixing with silicone-based surfactants. Do not apply while pollinators are actively visiting the treatment area.

Beauveria bassiana (Mycotrol ESO): 0.5 qt to 1 qt/A; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: L, Group 22. Treat when populations are low and thoroughly cover foliage. Takes 7 to 10 days after the first spray to see control.

beta-cyfluthrin (Baythroid* XL): 1.6 to 2.8 oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

chlorantraniliprole (Coragen): 3.5 to 7.5 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: L, Group 28. May be applied through drip irrigation or as a foliar spray. For soil applications, must be applied uniformly in the root zone; for foliar applications may be combined with a labeled adjuvant for improved leaf adhesion or control in dense foliage.

cyantraniliprole (Exirel): 7 to 13.5 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 28.

cyantraniliprole (Verimark): 5 to 10 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: H, Group 28. For drip chemigation, or soil injection applications.

cyclaniliprole (Harvanta): 10.9 to 16.4 fl oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: H, Group 28.

cyromazine (Trigard): 2.66 oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: M, Group 17. Insect growth regulator for small larvae just after egg hatch. Suppression only.

deltamethrin (Delta Gold*): 1.5 to 2.4 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

dinotefuran (Venom): 1 to 4 oz/A foliar or 5 to 7.5 oz/A soil; PHI 1d foliar, PHI 21d soil, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A. Soil application may be as a band during bedding, in-furrow at seeding, transplant or post-seeding drench, sidedress, or through drip. Do not apply to varieties with fruit that is less than 2", such as cherry or grape tomatoes.

esfenvalerate (Asana* XL): 5.8 to 9.6 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

fenpropathrin (Danitol* 2.4EC): 7 to 10.66 oz/A Danitol 2.4EC + 3-4 oz/A Belay; PHI 21d, REI 24, Bee: H, Group 3. Do not apply during bloom or if bees are actively foraging.

flupyradifurone (Sivanto): 10.5 to 14 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: L, Group 4D. Foliar applications only.

gamma-cyhalothrin (Declare*): 1.02 to 1.54 oz/A; PHI 5d, REI 24h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

imidacloprid (Admire Pro):7 to 10.5 oz/A soil, 1.3 to 2.2 oz/A foliar; PHI 21d soil, PHI 0d foliar, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A.

lambda-cyhalothrin (Warrior* II): 1.3 to 1.9 oz/A; PHI 5d, REI 24h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

novaluron (Rimon 0.83EC): 9 to 12 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: L, Group 16B.

oxamyl (Vydate* L): 2 to 4 pt/A; PHI 3d, REI 48h, Bee: H, Group 1A. Apply by ground or air when insects first appear.

permethrin (Pounce* 25WP): 3.2 to 12.8 oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A. Do not apply to varieties which produce fruit less than 1" in diameter, such as cherry and grape tomatoes.

petroleum oil (Suffoil XOG): 1 to 2 gal/100 gal water; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: L. Apply as needed. Beetle larvae only.

pyrethrin (PyGanic EC5.0OG): 4.5 to 17 oz/A; 0.25 to 0.50 oz/gal, 3 gal/1000 sq ft in greenhouse for backpack sprayers; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: M, Group 3A.

spinetoram (Radiant SC): 5 to 10 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: M, Group 5.

spinosad (Entrust SCOG): 3 to 6 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: M, Group 5. Do not apply to seedlings for transplant.

thiamethoxam (Actara): 2 to 3 oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A.

thiamethoxam (Platinum): 5 to 11 oz/A; PHI 30d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A. Systemic insecticides used as an in-furrow, banded, drench, or drip irrigation application to the seedling root zone during or after transplanting operations. DO NOT apply as a foliar spray.

zeta-cypermethrin (Mustang*): 2.4 to 4.3 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

Cutworm, Black (Agrotis ipsilon) and Variegated (Peridroma saucia)

The most common species on tomatoes is the black cutworm, but occasionally the variegated cutworm can also be a problem. Black cutworms tend to do minor leaf feeding or cut seedling stems shortly after transplanting (see cutworms in the Pepper section for more information on black cutworm). Variegated cutworms occur later in the season and will feed on leaves, but will also chew shallow or deep holes in the fruit. Adults are night-flying reddish-brown moths, while the caterpillars are brownish-grey, with diamond-shaped marks along the back and light lines along the sides. They are up to 2" long. Moths from the South arrive in mid- to late summer. Some may also survive warm winters as pupae in the soil and feed on seedlings in the spring. The larvae hide under the soil surface, within the plant canopy or in fruit holes during the day and feed after dark. There are 2 generations per year. Moths can be monitored with a black light trap or with a yellow and white Unitrap from July through September. Scout fields weekly, checking at least 100 plants for fruit feeding. Spray tomatoes if 1% of the plants are infested with variegated cutworms. For best results, make application after dark. Thorough coverage of the upper and lower foliage is needed for good control. Parasitic flies, wasps and other general predators help reduce populations. Weedy plantings tend to suffer greater damage.

alpha-cypermethrin (Fastac* EC): 2.2 to 3.8 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

bifenthrin (Brigade* 2EC): 2.1 to 5.2 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

buprofezin & flubendiamide (Vetica): 12 to 17 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee:L, Groups 16 & 28.

Burkholderia spp. strain A396 cells and spent fermentation media (Venerate XCOG): 1 to 8 qt/A; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: M.

carbaryl (10% Sevin Granules): 20 lb/A; PHI 3d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 1A. Apply evenly over soil surface.

Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 (GrandevoOG): 1 to 3 lb/A; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: M.

deltamethrin (Delta Gold*): 1.5 to 2.4 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

esfenvalerate (Asana* XL): 5.8 to 9.6 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

fenpropathrin (Danitol* 2.4EC): 10.66 oz/A Danitol 2.4EC + 0.25 to 2 lb/A Dipel DF; PHI 3d, REI 24, Bee: H, Group 3. Variegated cutworm only.

gamma-cyhalothrin (Declare*): 0.77 to 1.28 oz/A; PHI 5d, REI 24h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

lambda-cyhalothrin (Warrior* II): 0.96 to 1.6 oz/A; PHI 5d, REI 24h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

methomyl (Lannate* LV): 1.5 pt/A; PHI 1d, REI 48h, Bee: H, Group 1A. Variegated cutworm only.

spinosad (SeduceOG): 20 to 44 lb/A or 0.5 to1 lb/1000 sq ft.; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: M, Group 5. Spread bait on soil around plants.

tebufenozide (Confirm 2F): 6 to 16 oz/A; PHI 7d, REI 4h, Bee: L, Group 18. Must be ingested. Use lower rate for early season applications to young, small plants. Begin applications when first signs of feeding damage appear. Use higher rate for later season applications and heavier infestations. Use of a spreader-binder adjuvant is recommended.

zeta-cypermethrin (Mustang*): 2.4 to 4.3 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

Flea Beetle, Potato (Epitrix cucumeris)

See the insect control section of Eggplant for information on flea beetles that attack potato and other solanaceous crops.  Adults spend the winter under plant residue along tree lines or in the field. In the early spring, they feed on solanaceous weeds until they move to tomato or other solanaceous crops. Numerous tiny feeding shot holes can injure leaves and stunt young plants. Management practices include clean cultivation, crop rotation, removing or avoiding spring weed hosts, row covers, and spot treatments targeting young tomato plants along the field edges. Perimeter Trap Cropping: young tomato plants can be protected from flea beetles by planting Italian or Oriental eggplant around the tomato field. Full-size plants rarely require treatment for flea beetles. Most insecticides registered to control CPB, including spinosad, will control FB.

alpha-cypermethrin (Fastac* EC): 2.2 to 3.8 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

beta-cyfluthrin (Baythroid* XL): 2.8 oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

bifenthrin (Brigade* 2EC): 2.1 to 5.2 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

carbaryl (Sevin XLR Plus): 0.5 to 1 qt/A; PHI 3d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 1A.

cyantraniliprole (Verimark): 6.75 to 13.5 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: H, Group 28. For soil applications at planting.

cyclaniliprole (Harvanta): 10.9 to 16.4 fl oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: H, Group 28.

deltamethrin (Delta Gold*): 1.5 to 2.4 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

dinotefuran (Venom): 1 to 4 oz/A foliar or 5 to 7.5 oz/A soil; PHI 1d foliar, PHI 21d soil, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A. Soil application may be as a band during bedding, in-furrow at seeding, transplant or post-seeding drench, sidedress or through drip. Do not apply to varieties with fruit that is less than 2", such as cherry or grape tomatoes.

esfenvalerate (Asana* XL): 5.8 to 9.6 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

fenpropathrin (Danitol* 2.4EC): 7 to 10.66 oz/A Danitol 2.4EC + 3-4 oz/A Belay; PHI 21d, REI 24, Bee: H, Group 3. Do not apply during bloom or if bees are actively foraging.

gamma-cyhalothrin (Declare*): 1.02 to 1.54 oz/A; PHI 5d, REI 24h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

imidacloprid (Admire Pro): 7 to 10.5 oz/A soil; PHI 21d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A. Only soil applications allowed for flea beetle control.

kaolin (Surround WPOG): 12.5 to 50 lb/A or 0.125 to 0.5 lb/gal; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: L. Suppression and repellence only. May be applied to transplants prior to setting in field. Use on seedlings and young plants. Product residue may need to be washed off if applied after fruit set. White residue may be minimized if applications stop when fruit is 25% of its expected harvest size. Generally compatible as a tank mix with other insecticides.

lambda-cyhalothrin (Warrior* II): 1.3 to 1.9 oz/A; PHI 5d, REI 24h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

petroleum oil (Suffoil XOG): 1 to 2 gal/100 gal water; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: L. Apply as needed. Beetle larvae only.

pyrethrin (PyGanic EC5.0OG): 4.5 to 17 oz/A; 0.25 to 0.50 oz/gal, 3 gal/1000 sq ft in greenhouse for backpack sprayers; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: M, Group 3A.

spinosad (Entrust SCOG): 4 to 8 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: M, Group 5. Do not apply to seedlings for transplant. Suppression only.

thiamethoxam (Actara): 2 to 3 oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A.

thiamethoxam (Platinum): 5 to 11 oz/A; PHI 30d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A. Systemic insecticide used as an in-furrow, banded, drench, or drip irrigation application to the seedling root zone during or after transplanting or shanked into root zone after transplanting or establishment. DO NOT apply as a foliar spray.

tolfenpyrad (Torac): 17 to 21 fl oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 21A.

zeta-cypermethrin (Mustang*): 2.4 to 4.3 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

Slugs

Damage appears as shredded foliage or fruit holes. Look for silvery slime trails on leaves or turn over soil clods or debris to find slugs during daylight hours. Grow plants away from moist, shaded habitats, use clean cultivation, control weeds, hand pick/crush slugs or scatter baits on the ground near infested plants. See the Cabbage Section for more information on slugs.

iron phosphate (Sluggo: Snail and Slug BaitOG): 20 to 44 lb/A; PHI 0d, REI 0h, Bee: L, Group 9B. Apply around perimeter, scatter around base of plants, or band down rows. Apply to moist soil in the evening.

metaldehyde (Deadline Bullets): 20 to 40 lb/A; REI 12h, Bee: L. Soil surface treatment broadcast pre-planting, or band treatment between rows after formation of edible parts. Apply to moist soil in the evening. Do not apply directly to or contaminate edible portions of plants.

Spotted Wing Drosophila (Drosophila suzukii)

Spotted Wing Drosophila SWD is an invasive pest that first arrived and spread throughout New England in 2011.  It is primarily a pest of fruit crops, where the ability to oviposit in sound fruit (especially blueberry, raspberry, cherry, and peach) makes it a more serious pest than native fruit flies.  SWD is deterred from lay eggs in sound tomato fruit by the strength of the tomato skin. However, where there are cracks and other openings, eggs are laid and larvae build up in fruit, liquefying the fruit contents and leaving nothing but an empty skin. Thus the management of cracked fruit is key to preventing buildup of Spotted Wing populations in tomato and possible contamination of cracked tomato fruit and containers post-harvest. See Spotted Wing Drosophila in the insect control section of Greenhouse Tomato for more information on controlling SWD in the field and postharvest.

Follow Extension monitoring alerts or place traps on your own farm, to know when SWD is starting to build up in your area.  Currently, there are no thresholds for use of insecticides to control SWD in tomato.  Few insecticides are registered specifically for control of SWD on tomato. Consult Extension SWD materials for updates on efficacy of products labeled for tomato.

malathion (Malathion 57 EC): 2.5 pt/A or 1.5 to 2 pt/100 gal water; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 1B.

spinetoram (Radiant SC): 6 to 10 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: M, Group 5. Begin applications at first sign of adult activity. Due to the occurrence of multiple generations in a growing season, repeated applications may be required. Not for use in greenhouses.

Stink Bugs, Brown (Euschistus servus) and Brown Marmorated (Halyomorpha halys)

The brown stink bug is a native pest that feeds on blossoms, buds and fruit on a wide range of vegetables, fruits and weeds. Adults are plain brown or grayish-yellow, 11 to15 mm long, and the shield-like shape typical of stink bugs is rounded at the ‘shoulders’.  Adults overwinter among plant debris and in weeds, and persist for 2 or more months in summer. Eggs are yellowish white laid in clusters of about 20. Nymphs are light colored, yellowish brown above and white to yellow underneath. There are 2 generations per year. Both adults and nymphs cause damage to tomato fruit, causing white star-like patches on the fruit skin with shallow injury to the flesh below the skin. Bugs migrate into fields from weedy borders, woods or brambles. Damage is worse in a dry season and is often limited to the edge of the field and border treatments are often adequate to manage this pest. High tunnel tomatoes may be affected. High weed pressure, reduced-tillage and increased use of cover crops may increase damage by providing hiding places within fields. Natural enemies in the field usually contain outbreaks if they are not disrupted by broad-spectrum insecticides. It is difficult to monitor by direct observation in tomato as it is reclusive, well-camouflaged and inconspicuous. Shake plants over sheet or tray to check for presence of bugs.

The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) was first documented in the US in PA in 2001 and since then has become a serious pest of fruit, vegetables and field crops in the mid-Atlantic region and a sporadic pest in the Hudson Valley region and southern New England. Its range is expanding northward into New England and its pest status is likely to increase. Adults have a shield-shaped body (a trait of most stink bugs), are about 3/4" (14 to 17 mm) long, 3/8" (8 mm) wide, and mottled or marbled grey-brown in color. The underside is white, sometimes with grey or black markings, and the legs are brown with faint white banding. One way to distinguish a BMSB from other stink bug species commonly found in New England is by the alternating dark and light bands on the insect's last 2 antennae segments. The name stink bug refers to the scent glands located on the dorsal surface of the abdomen and the underside of the thorax. BMSB is also commonly confused with the Western Conifer Seed Bug; both invade homes in the fall to overwinter.

BMSB eggs are elliptical (1.6 x 1.3 mm), light yellow to yellow-red with minute spines forming fine lines. They are attached, side-by-side, to the underside of leaves in masses of 20 to 30 eggs. There are 5 nymphal instars (immature stages). Nymphs have deep red eyes, yellowish red abdomen in the first instar progressing to off-white with reddish spots in the fifth instar. The legs, head and thorax of nymphs are black. Adults overwinter and emerge (late April to mid-May), to mate and deposit eggs from May through August. They migrate into cropped areas from outside. There is likely one generation per year in New England, but research is indicating that two generations are occurring in mid-Atlantic states.

Fruits have been the most severely attacked (including apples, peaches, figs, mulberries, citrus fruits and persimmons). Other hosts include many ornamental plants, weeds, and soybeans. Vegetable crops damaged by BMSB include sweet corn, tomatoes, lima beans and green peppers, and this list is likely to grow as the pest spreads into new areas. Feeding damage to fruits and vegetables includes scarring, cat-facing, spotting, and internal damage which reduce marketability.

Research on monitoring, thresholds and control methods is ongoing.  Look for adults, eggs and nymphs and for damage. Insecticides labeled for stink bugs (without species indicated) may be used for Brown Marmorated Stink Bug; a few products have expanded labels to include BMSB. Look for additional information from state and regional Extension programs as more becomes known about this pest. In areas of New England where BMSB has yet to be reported, contact your state invasive species program to confirm identification of suspected BMSB samples.       

beta-cyfluthrin (Baythroid* XL): 1.6 to 2.8 oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

bifenthrin (Brigade* 2EC): 2.1 to 5.2 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

deltamethrin (Delta Gold*): 1.5 to 2.4 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

dinotefuran (Venom): 1 to 4 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A. Foliar applications only. For brown, consperse, green, and Southern green stink bugs only. Coverage is essential for adequate control.

fenpropathrin (Danitol* 2.4EC): 10.66 oz/A. May be combined with Belay for control of brown stink bug, but this combination should not be applied during bloom or if bees are actively foraging; PHI 3d Danitol alone, PHI 21d Danitol + Belay, REI 24, Bee: H, Group 3.

gamma-cyhalothrin (Declare*): 1.02 to 1.54 oz/A; PHI 5d, REI 24h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

lambda-cyhalothrin (Warrior* II): 1.3 to 1.9 oz/A; PHI 5d, REI 24h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

methomyl (Lannate* LV): 1.5 to 3 pt/A; PHI 1d, REI 48h, Bee: H, Group 1A.

novaluron (Rimon 0.83EC): 12 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: L, Group 16B.

oxamyl (Vydate L): 1.5 to 3 pints/A foliar; PHI 3d, REI 48h, Bee: H, Group 1A. Apply once when insect populations are at threshold and repeat at 5-7 day intervals as needed. Apply by ground or air only in at least 20 gal of water/A by ground and in at least 5 gal/A by air. Supplemental label for BMSB expires 12/31/18. Confirm label allowances and rates after this date.

pyrethrin (PyGanic EC5.0OG): 4.5 to 17 oz/A; 0.25 to 0.50 oz/gal, 3 gal/1000 sq ft in greenhouse for backpack sprayers; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: M, Group 3A.

thiamethoxam (Actara): 3 to 5.5 oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A. 

zeta-cypermethrin (Mustang*): 2.4 to 4.3 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A. For green and brown stink bugs only. Use higher rate for brown stink bugs.

Tomato Russet Mite (Aculops lycopersici)

Surface feeding on stems produces a russeted or bronzed appearance, beginning at the soil line, which later moves up to leaves and fruit. Sulfur and other miticides are effective.  

abamectin (Agri-Mek* SC): 1.75 to 3.5 oz/A; PHI 7d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 6. Must be mixed with a non-ionic wetting, spreading and/or penetrating spray adjuvant; do not use binder or sticker type adjuvant.

insecticidal soap (M-PedeOG): 1.25 to 2.5 oz/gal water; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: L. Spray to wet all infested plant surfaces. Repeated applications may be necessary.

malathion (Malathion 57EC): 1 to 2.5 pt/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 1B.

Metarhizium anisopliae Strain F52 (Met 52 EC): 40 to 80 oz/100 gal (drench), 8 to 64 oz/A (foliar); PHI 0d, REI 0h, Bee: L.

neem oil (TrilogyOG): 0.5 to 2% solution in 25 to 100 gal water/A; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: M, Group 18. Avoid mid-day applications and ensure good coverage.

petroleum oil (Suffoil XOG): 1 to 2 gal/100 gal water; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: L. Apply as needed.

sodium tetraborohydrate decahydrate (Prev-AM): 50 oz/100 gal; REI 12h, Bee: L, Group 25. Do not apply in midday sun or mix with copper, sulfur or oils.

spirotetramat (Movento): 4 to 5 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 24h, Bee: M, Group 23. Must be tank-mixed with a spray adjuvant with spreading and penetrating properties to maximize leaf uptake and sytemicity; don't use sticker adjuvants. Controls immature stages; may also reduce adult fertility.

sulfur (Microthiol DisperssOG): 10 to 20 lb/A; REI 24h, Bee: L, No IRAC classification. Do not apply if temperature are expected to exceed 90ºF during 3 days after application; may burn foliage under high temperatures.

Two-spotted Spider Mite (Tetranychus urticae)

For more information on TSSM see insect control section of Eggplant.

abamectin (Agri-Mek* SC): 1.75 to 3.5 oz/A; PHI 7d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 6. Must be mixed with a non-ionic wetting, spreading and/or penetrating spray adjuvant; do not use binder or sticker type adjuvant.

acequinocyl (Kanemite 15SC): 31 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: L, Group 20B. Do not use less than 100 gal water/A. Use of an adjuvant or surfactant is prohibited.

bifenazate (Acramite 50WS): 0.75 to 1 lb/A; PHI 3d, REI 12h, Bee: L, Group 25. Long residual; not systemic, ensure complete coverage of upper and lower leaf surfaces and fruit.

bifenthrin (Brigade* 2EC): 5.12 to 6.4 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

fenpropathrin (Danitol* 2.4EC): 10.7 oz/A; PHI 3d, REI 24, Bee: H, Group 3. Treat when mite populations are just beginning to build, less than 5 motiles per leaf.

gamma-cyhalothrin (Declare*): 1.02 to 1.54 oz/A; PHI 5d, REI 24h, Bee: H, Group 3A. Suppression only.

fenpropathrin (Danitol* 2.4EC): 10.66 oz/A; PHI 3d, REI 24, Bee: H, Group 3.

fenpyroximate (Portal XLO): 2 pt/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: L, Group 21A.

insecticidal soap (M-PedeOG): 1.25 to 2.5 oz/gal water; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: L. Spray to wet all infested plant surfaces. Repeated applications may be necessary.

Metarhizium anisopliae Strain F52 (Met 52 EC): 40 to 80 oz/100 gal (drench), 8 to 64 oz/A (foliar); PHI 0d, REI 0h, Bee: L.

neem oil (TrilogyOG): 0.5 to 2% solution in 25 to 100 gal water/A; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: M, Group 18. Avoid mid-day applications and ensure good coverage.

petroleum oil (Suffoil XOG): 1 to 2 gal/100 gal water; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: L. Apply as needed.

sodium tetraborohydrate decahydrate (Prev-AM): 50 oz/100 gal; REI 12h, Bee: L, Group 25. Do not apply in midday sun or mix with copper, sulfur or oils.

soybean oil (Golden Pest Spray OilOG): 2 gal/10 to 80 gal water/A; REI 4h, Bee: L, Group 25. Apply once a week beginning when mites first appear.

spiromesifen (Oberon 2SC): 7 to 8.5 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: M, Group 23. Effective on all developmental stages, but juvenile stages more susceptible than adults.

sulfur (Microthiol DisperssOG): 5 to 20 lb/A; REI 24h, Bee: L, No IRAC classification.

tolfenpyrad (Torac): 14 to 21 fl oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 21A.

Whitefly, greenhouse (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) and sweet potato (Bemisia tabaci)

Whiteflies found in the outdoor vegetable crops in New England are most commonly greenhouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) or, less commonly, sweet potato whitefly B-biotype (Bemisia tabaci). For more information on biology and management, see whiteflies in the insect control section of Greenhouse Tomato.  Whitefly outbreaks in field tomatoes and other field crops are not common in New England. Both species winter-kill but may be introduced on infested transplants that are moved from the greenhouse to the field. Manage populations in the greenhouse using biological controls or insecticides (see Insect and Mite Management in the Vegetable Transplant section for more on managing whitefly on transplants in the greenhouse). Natural enemies in the field may contain outbreaks if they are not disrupted by broad-spectrum insecticides. Row covers over transplants may protect whiteflies from natural enemies, allowing populations to build. If whitefly populations reach high levels, damage appears as yellowing, spots, leaf drop, plant wilting or stunting, and may result in problems with honeydew and sooty mold or viruses.  Most feeding occurs on lower leaf surfaces, so systemic insecticides are often more effective than contact insecticides. Practice resistance management by alternating between insecticide groups to preserve the effective life of products.

acetamiprid (Assail 30SG): 2.5 to 4 oz/A; PHI 7d, REI 12h, Bee: M, Group 4A.

afidopyropen (Sefina): 14 fl oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: L, Group 9D.

alpha-cypermethrin (Fastac* EC): 2.2 to 3.8 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee:H, Group 3A. Suppression only.

beta-cyfluthrin (Baythroid* XL): 2.8 oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: H,
Group 3A. For suppression of adult whiteflies only.

bifenthrin (Brigade* 2EC): 2.1 to 5.2 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

buprofezin & flubendiamide (Vetica): 14 to 17 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee:L, Groups 16 & 28.

Chenopodium extract (Requiem EC): 2 to 3 qts/A; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: L. Silverleaf whitefly only. Apply before pests reach damaging levels.

Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 (GrandevoOG): 2 to 3 lb/A; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: M.

cyantraniliprole (Exirel): 13.5 to 20.5 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 28.

cyantraniliprole (Verimark): 6.75 to 13.5 oz/A at planting, 6.75 to 10 oz/A chemigation; PHI 1d, REI 4h, Bee: H, Group 28. For soil applications at planting, drip chemigation, or soil injection.

deltamethrin (Delta Gold*): 1.5 to 2.4 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A. Suppression only.

dinotefuran (Safari): 1 to 4 oz/A foliar or 5 to 7.5 oz/A soil; REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A. For transplants while in greenhouse. Not for use on greenhouse or field crops.

dinotefuran (Venom): 7 to 14 dry oz/A foliar or 18 to 21 dry oz/A soil; PHI 1d foliar, PHI 21d soil, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A.  Do not apply to varieties with fruit that is less than 2", such as cherry or grape tomatoes.

esfenvalerate (Asana* XL): 9.6 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A.

fenpropathrin (Danitol* 2.4EC): 7 to 10.66 oz/A Danitol 2.4EC + 3-4 oz/A Belay; PHI 21d, REI 24, Bee: H, Group 3. Do not apply during bloom or if bees are actively foraging.

fenpyroximate (Portal XLO): 2 pt/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: L, Group 21A.

flonicamid (Beleaf 50SG): 2.8 to 4.28 oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12, Bee: L, Group 9C. Begin applications before populations begin to build, and before damage is evident. Use higher rate for building populations or dense foliage. Suppression only.

flupyradifurone (Sivanto): 10.5 to 14 oz/A foliar, 21 to 28 oz/A soil; PHI 1d foliar, PHI 45d soil, REI 4h, Bee: L, Group 4D.

gamma-cyhalothrin (Declare*): 1.02 to 1.54 oz/A; PHI 5d, REI 24h, Bee: H, Group 3A. Suppression only.

imidacloprid (Admire Pro): 7 to 10.5 oz/A soil, 1.3 to 2.2 oz/A foliar, 0.44 oz/10,000 plants on seedling transplants in greenhouse; PHI 21d soil, PHI 0d foliar, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A. Planthouse applications only provide short-term protection; an additional field application must be made within 2 weeks following transplanting to provide continuous protection.

insecticidal soap (M-PedeOG): 1.25 to 2.5 oz/gal water; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: L. Spray to wet all infested plant surfaces. For enhanced and residual control apply with a companion labeled insecticide.

Metarhizium anisopliae Strain F52 (Met 52 EC): 40 to 80 oz/100 gal (drench), 8 to 64 oz/A (foliar); PHI 0d, REI 0h, Bee: L.

oxamyl (Vydate* L): 2 to 4 pt/A; PHI 3d, REI 48h, Bee: H, Group 1A. Apply by ground or air when insects first appear. Suppression only.

petroleum oil (Suffoil XOG): 1 to 2 gal/100 gal water; PHI 0d, REI 4h, Bee: L. Apply as needed.

pymetrozine (Fulfill): 2.75 oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: L, Group 9A. Suppression only. Apply when whiteflies first appear.

pyrethrin (PyGanic EC5.0OG): 4.5 to 17 oz/A; 0.25 to 0.50 oz/gal, 3 gal/1000 sq ft in greenhouse for backpack sprayers; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: M, Group 3A.

pyriproxyfen (Knack): 8 to 10 fl oz/A; PHI 14d, REI 24h, Bee: L, Group 7. For control of eggs and immature stages; does not control adults, but hatching of eggs laid by treated adults may be suppressed. Apply when threshold levels are reached. Translaminar.

sodium tetraborohydrate decahydrate (Prev-AM): 50 oz/100 gal; REI 12h, Bee: L, Group 25. Do not apply in midday sun or mix with copper, sulfur or oils.

spiromesifen (Oberon 2SC): 7 to 8.5 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: M, Group 23. Most effective on immature stages.

spirotetramat (Movento): 4 to 5 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 24h, Bee: M, Group 23. Must be tank-mixed with a spray adjuvant with spreading and penetrating properties to maximize leaf uptake and sytemicity; don't use sticker adjuvants. Controls immature stages; may also reduce adult fertility.

sulfoxaflor (Closer SC): 1.5 to 2 oz/A. Do not apply until after petal fall; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4C.

thiamethoxam (Actara): 3 to 5.5 oz/A; PHI 0d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A.

thiamethoxam (Platinum): 5 to 11 oz/A; PHI 30d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 4A. Systemic insecticide used as an in-furrow, banded, drench, or drip irrigation application to the seedling root zone during or after transplanting or shanked into root zone after transplanting or establishment. DO NOT apply as a foliar spray.

zeta-cypermethrin (Mustang*): 3.4 to 4.3 oz/A; PHI 1d, REI 12h, Bee: H, Group 3A. Suppression only.