Published on *New England Vegetable Guide* (https://nevegetable.org)

Yields vary a great deal due to climate, growing conditions, soil quality, and farm management. To estimate yield in a consistent manner, one can harvest 10' of row at several locations in the field. Multiply the average yield (lb) per 10' of row times the following row spacing factors to convert the sample yields to lb/A. See Table 14 and Table 15.

Row Spacing in Inches | Multiply By |
---|---|

12 | 4360 |

15 | 3480 |

18 | 2900 |

20 | 2610 |

21 | 2490 |

24 | 2180 |

30 | 1740 |

36 | 1450 |

42 | 1240 |

48 | 1090 |

56 | 930 |

60 | 870 |

*Adapted from Knott's Vegetable Grower Handbook, The New England Vegetable Growers Yield Guide Table, United Fresh Fruit Market Containers and Weights, The Boston Fresh Vegetable Wholesale Market and Arrivals Report, and the USDA-National Agricultural Statisitics Service New England Vegetable and Strawberry Report (2014-2018). *

**Abbreviations for Vegetable Yield Table**

- bun. = bunch
- qt. = quart
- bu. = bushel
- doz. = dozen
- lb. = pound
- pt. = pint
- wt. = weight

YIELD PER ACRE* | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Vegetable |
CONTAINER OR UNIT |
LOW |
GOOD |
EXCELLENT |
NEW ENGLAND 5-YEAR AVERAGE |

Asparagus |
20 lb box |
1,600 lb |
2,000 lb |
4,000 lb |
1,420 lb |

Basil |
24 ct; 12 lb |
3,000 lb |
4,000 lb |
6,000 lb |
- |

Beans, snap |
1 1/9 bu box; 20 lb |
4,000 lb |
8,000 lb |
10,000 lb |
3,320 lb |

Beets, red bunched |
24 ct; 40 lb box |
20,000 lb |
24,000 lb |
30,000 lb |
7,080 lb |

Broccoli |
14 ct bun; 20 lb box |
5,000 lb |
8,000 lb |
10,000 lb |
3,615 lb |

Cabbage |
1 2/3 bu box; 50 lb |
20,000 lb |
30,000 lb |
40,000 lb |
15,240 lb |

Canteloupe / Muskmelon |
12-16 ct 1 1/9 bu box; 40 lb |
8,000 lb |
16,000 lb |
20,000 lb |
7,340 lb |

Carrots |
50 lb bag |
20,000 lb |
26,000 lb |
30,000 lb |
11,500 lb |

Cauliflower |
12 ct 1 1/9 box; 25 lb |
8,000 lb |
14,000 lb |
20,000 lb |
4,640 lb |

Corn, sweet |
5 doz bags; 50 lb |
750 doz |
1,000 doz |
1,500 doz |
750 doz |

Cucumber |
1 1/9 bu box; 40 lb |
12,000 lb |
20,000 lb |
26,000 lb |
9,120 lb |

Eggplant |
1 1/9 bu box; 25 lb |
16,000 lb |
20,000 lb |
24,000 lb |
9,730 lb |

Endive/Escarole |
24 ct 1 1/9 bu box; 20 lb |
21,000 lb |
23,000 lb |
26,000 lb |
- |

Garlic |
1/2 bu box; 10 lb |
2,000 lb |
4,000 lb |
6,000 lb |
2,240 lb |

Kale/Collards |
24 ct bun 1 3/4 bu box; 20 lb |
10,000 lb |
12,000 lb |
18,000 lb |
12,996 lb |

Kohlrabi |
25 lb bags |
14,000 lb |
20,000 lb |
30,000 lb |
- |

Leeks |
12 ct bun 3/4 bu box; 15 lb |
28,000 lb |
32,000 lb |
36,000 lb |
- |

Lettuce, leaf |
24 ct 1 1/2 bu box; 25 lb |
26,000 lb |
29,000 lb |
33,000 lb |
6,970 lb |

Lettuce, head and romaine |
24 ct 1 3/4 bu box; 35 lb |
36,000 lb |
40,000 lb |
46,000 lb |
7,879 lb |

Onions, dry bulb |
50 lb bags |
30,000 lb |
40,000 lb |
50,000 lb |
9,580 lb |

Onions, green bunch |
24 ct bun 1/2 bu box; 10 lb |
16,000 lb |
18,000 lb |
20,000 lb |
5,400 lb |

Parsley |
30 ct bun 1/2 bu box; 12 lb |
12,000 lb |
16,000 lb |
20,000 lb |
- |

Parsnip |
25 lb bag |
16,000 lb |
20,000 lb |
26,000 lb |
- |

Pea, snap |
varies |
3,000 lb |
6,000 lb |
8,000 lb |
2,220 lb |

Pea, pod |
varies |
6,000 lb |
9,000 lb |
14,000 lb |
- |

Pepper, bell |
1 1/9 bu box; 25 lb |
23,000 lb |
30,000 lb |
37,000 lb |
10,600 lb |

Potato, Irish |
50 lb bag |
15,000 lb |
25,000 lb |
35,000 lb |
33,824 lb |

Potato, fingerling |
5 lb bag |
10,000 lb |
15,000 lb |
20,000 lb |
- |

Pumpkin |
20 bu bin; 1,000 lb |
30,000 lb |
36,000 lb |
40,000 lb |
10,360 lb |

Radish |
24 ct bun 1/2 bu box; 10 lb |
4,000 lb |
6,000 lb |
10,000 lb |
- |

Rhubarb |
3/4 bu box; 20 lb |
10,000 lb |
14,000 lb |
18,000 lb |
- |

Rutabaga |
25 lb bag |
30,000 lb |
36,000 lb |
40,000 lb |
17,400 lb |

Spinach |
loose 1 1/9 bu box; 10 lb |
8,000 lb |
12,000 lb |
14,000 lb |
3,940 lb |

Squash, summer |
1/2 bu box; 20 lb |
20,000 lb |
30,000 lb |
40,000 lb |
10,030 lb |

Squash, winter |
1 1/9 bu box; 40 lb |
24,000 lb |
30,000 lb |
40,000 lb |
10,030 lb |

Sweet Potato |
per lb - retail |
12,000 lb |
15,000 lb |
25,000 lb |
- |

Strawberry |
8 qt flat; 12 lb |
6,000 lb |
10,000 lb |
16,000 lb |
4,930 lb |

Tomato, field |
1 1/9 bu box; 20 lb |
20,000 lb |
30,000 lb |
40,000 lb |
11,080 lb |

Tomato, greenhouse |
10 lb box |
3 lb/ft |
4 lb/ft |
6 lb/ft |
- |

Turnip |
25 lb bag |
20,000 lb |
24,000 lb |
30,000 lb |
- |

Watermelon |
1 3/4 bu box; 40 lb |
12,000 lb |
20,000 lb |
24,000 lb |
10,040 lb |

**NOTE:** To convert yield per acre to yield per 100 feet of row: multiply yield per acre by the number of feet between rows and divide by 4356.

* Yields vary depending on soil quality, weather conditions, farm management, location, etc. Low, Good and Excellent yields are based on national data, while 5-year averages (2014-2018) are from the USDA-National Agricultural Statisitics Service New England Vegetable and Strawberry Report [1].

**Links**

[1] https://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/New_England_includes/Publications/Current_News_Release/2018/eos2018_vegetables.pdf