Table 20: Insecticides Labeled for Insect and Mites on Vegetable Transplants and Bedding Plants

Insecticide Target Pests Labeled Crops Comments

acetamiprid
(Tristar 8.5 SL) REI 12h, Group 4A

Aphids, beetles, caterpillars, fungus gnat larvae, leafminers, leafhoppers, plant bugs, thrips, whiteflies

Vegetable transplants

Contact insecticide with high absorption and upward systemic mobility. 

azadirachtin 
(Aza-DirectOG) REI 4h

Aphids, beetles, caterpillars, fungus gnat larvae, plant bugs, leafhoppers, leafminers, thrips, whiteflies Many vegetables (See specific labels) Contact insecticide. Insect growth regulator for immature stages of insects. Repeat applications needed.
(AzaGuardOG) REI 4h Aphids, beetles, caterpillars, fungus gnat larvae, plant bugs, leafminers, leafhoppers, shore flies,  mealybugs, thrips,  whiteflies    
(Azatin OOG) REI 4h  Aphids, beetles, caterpillars, fungus gnat larvae, plant bugs, leafminers, leafhoppers, shore flies, thrips, whiteflies     

(Molt XOG) REI 4h

Aphids, beetles, caterpillars, fungus gnat larvae, leafminers, shore flies, thrips, whiteflies 

 

 

(Ornazin 3% EC) REI 12h Aphids, beetles, caterpillars, fungus gnat larvae, leafhoppers, leafminers, thrips, whiteflies    
(Neemix 4.5OG) REI 4h Aphids, beetles, caterpillars, fungus gnat larvae, leafhoppers, leafminers, whiteflies,    
azadirachtin & pyrethrins
(AzeraOG) REI 12h, Group unknown & 3A
Aphids, beetles, caterpillars, fungus gnats, leafhoppers, leafminers, shore flies, thrips, whiteflies Many different vegetables (see label) Insect growth regulator and contact insecticide combined.

Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai (XenTariOG, Agree WGOG) REI 4h, Group 11A

Certain caterpillars (see label) Many vegetables (see labels) Stomach poison that must be ingested to be active. Most effective against small, newly hatched larvae. Insects stop feeding and die 1 to 5 days later. Thorough spray coverage needed.

Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (DiPel Pro DFOG) (Javelin WGOG), (Thuricide N/GOG)  REI 4h, Group 11A

Certain caterpillars (see labels) Many vegetables (see labels) Stomach poison that must be ingested to be active. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important. Most effective against small, newly hatched larvae. Insects stop feeding and die 1 to 5 days later. 

Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis (Gnatrol WDGOG) REI 4h, Group 11A

Fungus gnat larvae Vegetable plants such as leafy and Cole crops, cucumbers, peppers, tomatoes and eggplants Stomach poison that must be ingested to be active. Most effective against first instar larvae. Apply as soil drench. Larvae must ingest material to be killed. 
Beauveria bassiana ANT-03 (BioCeres WPOG) REI 4 hr Aphids, plant bugs, thrips, whiteflies  Many vegetables Contact insecticide. Active ingredient is a insect-killing fungus that works best with a relative humidity >90%.

Beauveria bassiana GHA
(BotaniGard ES) REI 4h
(BotaniGard 22WP) REI 4h
(Mycotrol WPO, ESOOG) REI 4h

Aphids, leafhoppers, thrips, whiteflies (See labels for more information) Many vegetables. Do not use ES formulation on tomato transplants. Contact insecticides. Active ingredient is an insect killing fungus that works best with a relative humidity greater than 90%. Treat when insect populations are low. Repeated applications may be needed.
Burkholderia A396
(Venerate XCOG) REI 4h
Aphids, caterpillars, mites,thrips, whiteflies   Many vegetables (see label) Contact insecticide and stomach poison that disrupts insect exoskeleton interfering with molting.

canola oil & pyrethrins

(Pycana)OG REI 12

Aphids, beetles, caterpillars, fungus gnats, leafhoppers, leafminers, plant bugs, thrips, whiteflies  Many vegetables  Combination of a botanical oil and pyrethrins. See label for plant safety information. 

chlorfenapyr
(Pylon) REI 12h, Group 13

Caterpillars (including hornworms), broad mites, spider mites, thrips Tomato, tomatillo, ground cherry, peppers, eggplant. Do not use on tomato varieties with a diameter of less than one inch when mature. Insecticide/miticide with contact and translaminar activity. Active on larvae and nymphs of spider mites and thrips. 

chlorfenapyr
(Pylon TR) REI 12h, Group 13

Fungus gnat adults, mites, thrips Greenhouse fruiting vegetables Contact insecticide/miticide with translaminar and stomach poison activity.
Chromobacterium subtsugae PRAA4-1 (Grandevo GC OG) REI 4h Aphids, beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, plant bugs, mites, thrips, whiteflies (depending upon crop, see label) Many vegetables (see label) Contact biological insecticide for young immature stages.  See label for plant safety information. 
cyromazine
(Citation) REI 12h, Group 17
Dipterous leafminers (Liriomyza species), fungus gnat and  shore fly larvae Vegetable transplants grown for consumer use (see label for specific types) Insect growth regulator. Applied to growing medium to control fungus gnat and shore fly larvae. Available in water-soluble packets.

dinotefuran
(Safari 20 SG) REI 12h, Group 4A

Aphids, leafminers, thrips (suppression), whiteflies Many vegetable transplants grown in enclosed structures. Contact and systemic insecticide for foliar application. 

flupyradifurone

(Altus) REI 12h, Group 4D

Aphids, leafhoppers, whiteflies

 

Many including cucurbits, fruiting and leafy vegetables.

 

Systemic insecticide with translaminar activity. See label for precautions on cucurbits. Do not make more than 1 application per crop prior to transplant.  Do not rotate with Group 4A products.

 

hexythiazox
(Hexygon) REI 12h, Group 10A
Two-spotted spider mites Pepper, eggplant, tomato transplants Ovicide (egg-killing) activity. Most active on eggs and immature (larvae and nymphs) stages. Available in water-soluble packets. Use only once per crop cycle.
mineral oil (Organic JMS Stylet OilOG) REI 4 h  Leafhoppers, leafminers, mites, whiteflies  Many vegetables  Contact insecticide/miticide. Foliar injury may occur if applied during humid conditions.See label for plant safety information.
mineral oil (SuffOil-XOG) REI 4 h Aphids, leafhoppers, leafminers, mites, thrips, whiteflies  Many vegetables  Contact insecticide/miticide. Foliar injury may occur if applied during humid conditions. See label for plant safety information. 
mineral oil (Ultra-Pure Oil) REI 4 h Aphids, leafhoppers, leafminers, mites, thrips, whiteflies Greenhouse vegetables  Contact insecticide/miticide. Foliar injury may occur if applied during humid conditions. See label for plant safety information. 

imidacloprid
(Marathon II) REI 12h, Group 4A

Aphids, fungus gnat larvae, leafhoppers, leafminers, thrips (suppression), mealybugs, whiteflies Vegetable bedding plants intended for resale only (See labels for specific types) Contact, systemic and translaminar insecticide. Do not rotate with other products in Group 4A. 

insecticidal soap potassium salts of fatty acids 

(Kopa Insecticidal SoapOG) REI 12 h 

Aphids, mites, plant bugs, whiteflies  Many vegetables  Contact insecticide/miticide. Short residual activity. See label for plant safety information. 

insecticidal soap
Potassium salts of fatty acids
(M-PedeOG), REI 12h

Aphids, broad mites, leafminers, leafhoppers, plant bugs, spider mites, thrips, whiteflies Many vegetables including bulb, Cole, leafy, fruiting and cucurbit types Contact insecticide/miticide.  Short residual activity. Refer to label for information on plant safety. Can be tank mixed with other products to increase efficacy.

iron phosphate
(SluggoOG) REI 0h

Slugs and snails Many vegetables (see label) Bait. Ingestion causes the slugs and snails to cease feeding, become less mobile and begin to die in 3 to 6 days. Best applied in the evening.  Can be used around pets and wildlife. 

iron phosphate & spinosad

(Brandt Antixx Plus Insect, Slug and Snail BaitOG) REI 4 h

Ants, cutworms, slugs, snails  Many vegetables  Bait. 

iron phosphate & spinosad
(Bug-N-SluggoOG) REI 4h

Cutworms, slugs, snails Many vegetables (see label) Bait.  Refer to label for application rates

Isaria fumosorosea 
(AncoraOG) (PFR-97 20% WDGOG)  REI 4h
 

Aphids, leafminers, plant bugs, spider mites, thrips, whiteflies. Drench application to thrips pupae. 

Vegetables grown in greenhouse Microbial insecticides that work by contact. Apply when relative humidity is >75% with moderate temperatures. Product needs to be premixed to avoid clogging.  See technical sheet and labels. 

Metarhizium anisopliae F52

(Met 52 EC) REI 4 h 

Mites, thrips, whiteflies  Some vegetables  Contact bioinsecticide that can be applied as a drench or spray. 
neem oil
(Triact 70OG) REI 4h

Aphids, broad mites, leafhoppers, spider mites, thrips (suppression), whiteflies 

Many vegetable transplants (see label) Contact insecticide/miticide. Thorough coverage of all plant parts is important.  Refer to label for information on plant safety. 
parasitic nematodes (Steinernema carpocapsae) (Millenium) Exempt from REI  Shore fly larvae  Greenhouse crops Apply to moist growing media (55˚ to 86˚F) during cloudy, overcast conditions.  Remove screens and filters from sprayers and injectors.  Repeat applications needed in areas where algae is growing.
parasitic nematodes
(Steinernema feltiae)  (NemaShield, Nemasys, Scanmask) Exempt from REI 
Fungus gnat larvae, thrips pupae in growing media  Greenhouse vegetables

 Apply to moist growing media (50-80˚F) during cloudy, overcast conditions.  Remove screens and filters from sprayers and injectors.  

pyrethrins
(PyGanic EC 1.4 IIOG, PyGanic EC 5.0 IIOG) (PyGanic SpecialtyOG) REI 12h, Group 3A

Aphids, caterpillars, fungus gnat adults, leafhoppers, thrips,  whiteflies  Many including bulb, leafy, Cole, fruiting and cucurbit vegetables  Contact insecticides. Provides rapid knockdown of pests.
pyrethrins & Beauveria bassiana GHA (BotaniGard Maxx) REI 12h Group 3A and unknown Aphids, beetles, caterpillars, fungus gnats, leafhoppers, plant bugs, spider mites, thrips, whiteflies  Many vegetables  Contact insecticides. Natural pyrethrum combined with insect killing fungus that works best with relative humidity >90%.  Do not apply when beneficial insects are present. 

pyrethrins plus PBO
(Pyrethrum TR) REI 12h, Group 3A

Aphids, beetles, fungus gnat adults, leafhoppers, plant bugs, shore flies, thrips, whiteflies  Many vegetables (see label) Contact insecticide. See label for specific directions for placement and use for successful application.

pyriproxyfen
(Distance Insect Growth Regulator) REI 12h, Group 7C

Foliar spray for whiteflies and aphids (suppression). Apply as a sprench (growing media surface spray) or drench for fungus gnat and shore fly larvae Indoor-grown fruiting vegetables Insect growth regulator. See label for plant safety information. 

spirotetramat
(Kontos) REI 24h, Group 23

Aphids (suppression), broad mites, cyclamen mites, leafhoppers, spider mites, thrips immatures, whiteflies 

Vegetable transplants for resale (see label for specific types)

Systemic insecticide for foliar and drench application.  See label for plant safety information. 

sulfur

(Microthiol DisperssOG) REI 24 h 

Broad mites (pepper), spider mites  Many vegetables  Contact miticide/fungicide. 

thiamethoxam
(Flagship 25 WG) REI 12h, Group 4A

Fruiting vegetables: aphids, flea beetles, leafhoppers, whiteflies

Cucurbit vegetables: aphids, flea beetles, cucumber beetles (suppression), leafminers (suppression), whiteflies

Foliar application to vegetable plants grown for resale to consumers. See label for specific types of fruiting and cucurbit vegetables.

Systemic insecticide for foliar or drench application for transplants only.  

The symbol OG indicates a pesticide is listed by the Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI) as approved for use in certified organic production.

This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement implied. Due to constantly changing regulations, we assume no liability for suggestions. If any information in these tables is inconsistent with the label, follow the label.

Organic Materials Review Institute (www.omri.org) is a non-profit organization whose mission is to publish information on lists of materials allowed for organic food production. Final decisions regarding organic use production reside with the USDA.