Whole-Farm Revenue Protection (WFRP) provides a “safety-net” for all commodities on the farm under one insurance policy.
Under the 2104 Farm Bill, WFRP replaces and improves upon the two previous whole farm revenue insurance products AGR (Adjusted Gross Revenue) and AGR-Lite (Adjusted Gross Revenue-Lite). By protecting agricultural income rather than crop yields, WFRP extends insurance options to farmers with diverse production and specialty crops, and to farmers relying on local and direct markets, much like AGR. However, the subsidies available for WFRP (up to 80%) are significantly higher than those under the prior AGR program.
WFRP provides protection against loss of insured farm revenue due to unavoidable natural causes. Insured farm revenue is the farm’s approved revenue times the coverage level selected. Coverage levels range from 50% to 85%, increasing in 5% increments.
Approved revenue is based on the lower of:
- The farm’s historic average revenue which is derived from 5 consecutive years of a producer’s IRS tax forms; or
- The expected revenue for this insurance year
Revenue from all commodities on the farm are covered, except timber, forest and forest products, and animals for sport, show, or pets. Also, revenue from livestock, nursery and greenhouse plants cannot exceed 35% of the farm’s expected revenue (with coverage limited to $1 million for each).
Losses occur when the allowable revenue from the production of commodities produced during the insurance year falls below the insured farm revenue. Notice of losses must be submitted to your crop insurance agent within 72 hours after discovery that farm revenue could be below insured revenue. Claims are made after farm taxes are filed for the insurance year, but no later than 60 days after tax forms have been submitted to the IRS.
WFRP can be purchased alone or in conjunction with other Federal crop insurance policies. When purchased together, the WFRP premium is reduced because of coverage provided by the other policy.
Some of the key WFRP eligibility requirements are that you:
- Be eligible to receive Federal benefits;
- Be a US citizen or resident;
- File a Schedule F tax form (or acceptable substitute);
- Have 5 consecutive years of farm tax history;
- Have no more than $8.5 million in insured revenue;
- Have no more than 50% of total revenue from commodities purchased for resale; and
- Meet the diversification requirement of having two or more commodities if there are potatoes grown on the farm.
The WFRP sales closing date for the New England states is March 15. To obtain coverage good records are needed. In addition to an application form, producers will need:
- A whole-farm history report showing historical revenues and expenses with supporting information; and
- A farm operations report showing intended production plans for the farm during the insurance year.
A revised farm operations report is due on July 15, noting any significant changes for the farm.
For More Information on the Whole-Farm Revenue Protection program
Go to http://www.rma.usda.gov/policies/wfrp.html or contact
Written by Michael Sciabarrasi, Extension Professor (Retired), Agricultural Business Management, UNH Cooperative Extension. Updated by Paul Russell & Thomas Smiarowski, Agricultural Risk Management Consultants, UMass Extension.